Waste Water Treatment Processes
There is release of variety of waste from both domestic and industrial such as water, solids and gases. These wastes are absorbed into the environment and can be dangerous. The harm made to the environment can, however, be reduced by taking waste through treatment plants. The end products of the waste treatment plants includes clean water, harmless biodegradable and recycled products The treatment process for the waste depends on the source and type of waste. A typical waste product in both homes and industries is the wastewater. There are different stages of the wastewater treatment process.
The septic system is used to treat water in most homes. The septic system is simple and should always be functional. Septic systems serving a larger number of people are more complex since they have to absorb a higher volume of waste. There are however waste water treatment plants for use in large residential estates and factories. There are manufacturers of wastewater treatment plants that can help you design and manufacture a treatment plant. They will design the plan according to the project specific needs. Engineers at the manufacturers will oversee the project from its design stage to monitoring and maintenance works. These are a sophisticated process that requires large investments. These systems remove quality clean water and thus used at commercial levels.
There are three main stages in the water treatment process. water flows through pipes by means of pumping or gravitational force. In the reservoirs, there is separation of floating and suspending solids from the water. Centrifugal force is applied at this stage. The process can remove the about 60% of the suspended solids. Sometimes, chemicals can be used to increase the removal of solids. The water is then directed to the second phase also known as secondary stage or organic stage. In the second stage, the remaining biodegradable and suspending articles are given as food to organism such as fish. The organism in the water eat the food particles in the water remove the phosphate and nitrates nutrients in the water. This stage removes over 80% f the water impurities. Water passed through his phase is not hazardous to the environment.
water is however made pure by
taking it to the third stage. It is referred to as the tertiary stage and water can be used for a wide range of uses. Various chemicals are applied to remove the impurities and ensure that it is safe. Chlorine is used to purify the water though it has been disputed in the recent times.
When water is being pumped into the treatment plant; it should not contain industrial chemicals. The company that is producing water containing chemicals should remove these chemicals by having a treatment plant at their base.
Source: waste water treatment company